What is Humidifier?
The products designed as humidifiers consist of a wide range. They can appear in cream, gel cream, serum, oil or balm forms. Regardless of the form, the ability of these products to perform their functions is due to their special content. These special agents help to maintain the moisture balance by moisturizing the skin. Moisturizing agents can be divided into three main groups: Humectants (moisture absorbers), Emollients (moisture protectant and emollient) and Occlusive (concealers, film-formers). Each group has its own different tasks.
Humectants: Alpha Hydroxy Acids such as Glycerin, Glycerol, Propylene Glycol, Hyaluronic Acid, Sodium Hyaluronate, Urea, Sorbitol, Glycolic Acid and Lactic Acid.
The Role of Humectants: These ingredients retain moisture in the atmosphere (air) and provide moisture to the skin and help prevent moisture loss from the skin. It has moisturizing properties up to the upper and lower layers of the skin. Since they are not oil-based, they are ideal ingredients for oily and combination skin types.
Emolyans: Lanolin, Cetyl Stearyl Alcohol, Glyceryl stearate, Ceramides, Dimethicone, Cyclomethicone, Coconut oil (coconut oil), Argan oil, olive oil, many vegetable oils such as soybean oil, almond oil.
The Role of Emollients: These agents fulfill their functions by filling the spaces between the cells on the skin surface due to adverse environmental conditions (such as sun, wind, cold). They act as a kind of mortar that glues the cells together. Many moisturizers contain both humectants and emollients. Since their functions are different from each other, it is a great advantage to have both types of actives in the humidifiers. Emollients are ideal for skin with dryness and sensitivity concerns.
Occlusive (concealers): Shea butter (Shea butter), Beeswax (beeswax)
The Role of Concealers: Concealers help prevent water loss from the skin surface by forming a thick and protective barrier on the skin surface (TEWL- Trans Epidermal Water Loss). They are ideal for very dry skin and especially in areas with thicker skin: elbows, knees, feet and hands. They are useful ingredients for skin barrier damage and cracking caused by cold weather conditions, especially in winter.